|Penguin's Crest: The Long Head Feathers|
Penguins are birds because they have feathers. Only birds have feathers. This penguin has a crest, which is a ridge of long feathers on the birds head. I love crested penguins: erect-crested, fiordland, macaroni, rockhopper, royal, and Snares Island.
Penguins' wings or flippers do not fold up like most birds' wings. They are used to help the penguin swim powerfully through the ocean. The penguin uses its feet to steer, and its flippers to fly through the water.
|Gentoo Penguin Rookery|
All penguins come on land to mate, nest, and care for their young. Some make holes in the ground, others like the adelie and gentoo make rock nests, and still other like the emperor and king use their feet for nest. When the birds come together to breed and care for their young, it is called a rookery.
First the egg is laid, then it must be kept warm while a chick grows inside. This time span is called incubation. Each penguin species has a different incubation period. This emperor penguin keeps the egg warm under its brood patch. It carries the egg on its feet, so it won't touch the harsh ground. For three long months, it waits until the chick is ready to hatch.
A penguin breaks through its egg with the help of an egg tooth. The white tip at the end of this adelie penguin's beak is an egg tooth. It will later fall off.
Once a penguin loses its down feathers, it is ready to swim in the ocean. They have the right type of feathers to swim and stay warm. The penguins, however, are not fully grown. At this point, they are no longer chicks, but fledglings. Here a emperor penguin is leading a group of fledglings for a swim in the ocean.
Now I have also made some worksheets to go along with these! The Can-Have-Art Penguin Tree Chart
|Penguin Tree Chart|
I also made up a definition cheat sheet as a companion to Seymour Simon's book on penguins.
I love the penguin graphic organizer!
|Penguin Vocabulary: draw the vocabulary word.|
You can find these at my TPT store. Enjoy!